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Student Voice and Choice in Digital Writing

Pennsylvania Convention Center, 124

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Instructional Technology Specialist
Eastern Lancaster County School District
Mr. Geiman has spent the last nineteen years working as an educator in central Pennsylvania serving as a third, fourth, and fifth grade teacher. In 2017 he became the K-12 Instructional Technology Specialist for Eastern Lancaster County School District. Mr. Geiman serves on the Board of Directors for Pennsylvania Council for International Education as well as the Spartan Foundation Board and has presented at many conferences including FETC, KINBERCON, Internet2 Global Summit, ISTE, PETE&C, as well as many others.
Instsructional Technology Specialist
Waynesboro Area School District
I am an Instructional Technology Specialist with The Waynesboro Area School District. I taught 5th grade STEM as well as 3rd, 4th and 5th grade self contained classrooms for 10 years. I have earned two Master’s degrees, one in curriculum and one in leadership. I am a Google Certified Trainer as well as a certified Apple Learning Coach. I have multiple recognitions including Teacher of the Year nominations, Outstanding Educator Nominee from Maryland Society for Educational Technology(MSET) and recognized as a 2022 Keystone Technology Innovator Star.

Session description

We have crossed into a time where technology no longer hinders the learning curve and learning objectives can be accomplished seamlessly. The presenters will talk about their experience with using student feedback and formative assessment techniques such as commenting to move learners' writing to the next level.

Purpose & objective

The particpants will be able to employ our star, wish, wonder protocol when they return to their classrooms in all facets of student artifacts, providing the opportunity to offer meaningful, authentic, constructive feedback that will not only contribute to the betterment of the work being created but also help students engage in more reflective practices to ensure that their own work is specifically designed for their intended audience.

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~The presentations will begin with introductions of Geiman and McCray. (5 min)
~Then we will begin to introduce the topic by explaining how technology is improving our world, and is often met with resistance before full acceptance. (10 min)
~We then make comparisons with how writing was taught 15+ years ago, with the formats that are available to students now, emphasizing the use of an authentic audience to drive student motivation. Student blogging is discussed as the way to allow students to connect across classrooms, grade levels, states, and even countries around the world. (15 min)
~The feedback format is then introduced. McCray and Geiman show how the star/wish/wonder format allows students to give authentic feedback that they can then respond to and authentically improve their writing for their audience. (20 min)
~The presentation is wrapped up with McCray and Geiman sharing real-life examples of students blogging, and other examples of star/wish/wonder being used through blogging and through other formats, such as Google docs (10 min)

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Supporting research

Jason Tham, Ann Hill Duin, Saveena (Chakrika) Veeramoothoo, Brandi J. Fuglsby, Connectivism for writing pedagogy: Strategic networked approaches to promote international collaborations and intercultural learning,
Computers and Composition, Volume 60, 2021, 102643, ISSN 8755-4615,

Zheng, B., Yim, S. and Warschauer, M. (2017). Social Media in the Writing Classroom and Beyond. In The TESOL Encyclopedia of English Language Teaching (eds J.I. Liontas, T. International Association and M. DelliCarpini).

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Session specifications

Communication & collaboration
Grade level:
Skill level:
Coaches, Library media specialists, Teachers
Attendee devices:
Devices not needed
Subject area:
Language arts, STEM/STEAM
ISTE Standards:
For Educators:
  • Use collaborative tools to expand students' authentic, real-world learning experiences by engaging virtually with experts, teams and students, locally and globally.
For Students:
Creative Communicator
  • Students publish or present content that customizes the message and medium for their intended audiences.
Global Collaborator
  • Students use digital tools to connect with learners from a variety of backgrounds and cultures, engaging with them in ways that broaden mutual understanding and learning.